25-OH Vitamin D2/D3 LCMSMS

Vitamin D is one of the most important essential bioregulators of the Ca2+- and phosphate metabolism in higher animals. Together with the peptide hormones parathormon and calcitonin it is responsible to obtain the Ca2+- and phosphate homoeostasis.

The most important physiological functions of vitamin D is the stimulation of the intestinal resorption of Ca2+ and phosphate and their incorporation in the bone matrix.

D-vitamins or calciferols arise from provitamins by the UV radiation of sunlight catalysed splitting of the B-ring of the steran backbone. In the skin formed vitamin D3 is bound to a vitamin D binding-protein in the plasma, transported into the liver and hydroxylated in position 25 to form 25‑OH vitamin D3. Another hydroxylation is performed in the kidney to yield 1,25 (OH)2 vitamin D3 and 24,25 (OH)2 vitamin D3. It is proofed that 1,25 (OH)2 vitamin D3 is the metabolic most active form of vitamin D. Nevertheless, more than 95% of 25‑OH vitamin D is 25‑OH vitamin D3.

A lack of vitamin D leads in growing humans and animals to rachitis, hypocalcaemia and secondary hyperparathyreoidism, in adults to osteomalazia.

Technical data

Sample Serum, Plasma
Sample volume 50 µl
Detector LCMSMS AB Sciex API 4000
Method isocratic
Determinations 100

Ordering Information

IC3450 Testkit
IC3401ko Controls (2 level each 0.25 ml lyoph.)
IC3450rp HPLC column

Principle of the method

For the determination of 25-OH vitamin D3 a precipitation step, which removes high molecular substances is performed first. After centrifugation the supernatant is injected into the HPLC system.

The HPLC separation works with an isocratic method at 20-25 °C with a “reversed phase” column. Chromatograms are detected by an MSMS-detector (AB-Sciex API4000). The separation takes 4 minutes for each run depending on the column used. Results are quantified by the delivered serum calibrator and calculated by the “internal standard-method” by integration of the peak areas or heights.